Preparing a book for printing (prepress) is one of the most important steps in creating a book. It includes:

  • Editing (sometimes reprinting from the manuscript).
  • Development of design, on which the popularity of the work may also depend. After all, this includes the font, headings, illustrations, as well as materials, decorative elements, paper type, and so on.
  • Layout, it is important to correctly and harmoniously place the elements without destroying the original idea.
  • Proofreading

The pages are printed on a printing press, which places several pages on a sheet, which are then cut. There is a variant of sheet printing, sometimes roll.

In any case, in the future, the sheets are formed in a notebook using a special machine that bends them. Finished notebooks are folded to dry.

Then the notebooks are either glued, or sewn together, or both. They cut, press, strengthen with braid, they can add a bookmark ribbon.

Separately, a cover is made of cardboard, which consists of two parts and a spine.
After printing, the cover is laminated.

Next, the cover is combined with a block of notebooks, glued with additional sheets and placed under a press for a while.

The binding is soft and hard. The name of the binding and define its property.

Hardcover is:

  • Composite (rare, expensive, laborious). Includes multiple materials such as a cloth spine and laminated sides.
  • Fabric or synthetic. Durable and beautiful (varnishing, embossing). But heavy because of the binding cardboard.
  • Paper. It is also durable and also heavy. Cardboard is laminated (glued to other material) with leather, fabric or other.
  • Cellophane. Polymer film over cardboard cover. The film can be matte or glossy.
  • French. Individual approach. As a result, we get an original book, good as a gift or as a collector’s edition. Can be used, cardboard, leather, fabric, vinyl, in principle any other material that cuts well and is durable.
    You need a lot of experience in such work, as a result – a high price.

Softcovers, main types:

  • Adhesive connection. Seamless. Not expensive. The book is compact and lightweight. Quickly made, but not very durable.
  • Staple. The block notebook is fastened with 2-3 staples (booklet). Not expensive and durable.
  • Spring. Often used in exhibition material, can be rotated 360 degrees. Strong and reliable.
  • Integral binding. Something between hard and soft covers. Used paper and cardboard. Decorated with varnish. Not expensive and simple technology.